عنوان مقاله [English]
Human societies have always been changing and developing slowly or quickly. In this course, man has experienced various styles of life, some of which caught, for their kernels, the attention of intellectuals. Through understanding and explaining the logic of those changes and developments, they have tried to share others in finding the desired style of life. Before making any use of those research data, they are to criticize them in order to demonstrate the degree of their worth and value. From among such efforts are the anthropological studies by prof. Ni’matu al-allah Fazali published in his The Experience of Modernity. He holds that the Iranian society has experienced modern style of life. He tries to recount this development in the light of the modernization of culture. The book shows ceaseless efforts of the author, for the reader will come across huge amount of related matters and anthropological analysis. This work, however, is open to some serious criticisms.
This article is a critical study of that book. The summary of criticism is that the author has narrated the Iranian experience of renewal of the style of life of yesterday; a style that is not old enough and alien to the Iranian ancient culture and thought. In the course of their Islamic revolution, the Iranian decided to throw aside the imported style of life and experience a new Iranian and Islamic one instead.